The relationship of psychosis with migration , social exclusion and low status groups
Françoise Davoine is a psychoanalyst whose current work deals mainly with patients with psychosis and trauma and also includes supervising trainees. She has worked for over 30 years as an analyst in public psychiatric hospitals and is also a faculty member of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes in Paris, an institute of social sciences For many years she led a weekly seminar entitled “Madness and the social link” together with her late husband Jean Max Gaudillière. The seminar group focused on authors who had dealt directly with madness and traumas, like Wittgenstein, Cervantes, and Laurence Sterne’s Tristram Shandy. One of these publications was about the comparison between the “Theatre of the Fools” in the Renaissance era and hospitalised patients today. It became the book ” Mother Folly”, which Mieke Bal, University of Amsterdam, turned into a film with Michelle Williams Gamaker: ” A long History of madness”. This film shows Françoise Davoine’s way of working with the “strangers in the city”, patients encountered at the very site of their exile, from cut out parts of history. Transference in such cases is an interference with analogous zones in the analyst’s story. Delusion a search for another way to connect a broken social link at the crossroads of their story of abuses with the catastrophes of history which occurred in their family. The consequence of a new loyalty , stemming from the pitfalls of classical psychoanalysis, puts into motion a frozen in time experience ” whereof one cannot speak”, but which does not stay silent for long. It shows what cannot be said, looking for a home.
From the Margins to the Centers across cultures: the powerful pan-lexicon of Psychosis
Dr Jadhav is a street psychiatrist and clinician anthropologist in London, UK. He works as Senior Lecturer in Cross-cultural Psychiatry, University College London; Consultant Psychiatrist, Camden Homeless Outreach Services & Islington Mental Health Rehabilitation Services & Lead Clinician, Cultural Consultation Service, Camden and Islington Community Health and Social Care Trust. He is founding Editor, Anthropology and Medicine journal (Taylor & Francis, UK). Dr Jadhav’s current interests include mental health dimensions of marginal groups with a focus on South Asia. He has taught extensively on medical anthropology and cultural psychiatry programmes, at several national and international Universities, and was advisor to DSM 5 Task Force for Cultural Formulation. Dr Jadhav currently supervises UCL doctoral and post-doctoral scholars conducting research on the cultural appropriateness of mental health theory and practice in low income nations with a specific focus on India. More recently, he is engaged in field testing cultural psychological therapy for Dalits (former ‘untouchables’) in India.
Us and Them – psychosis among ethnic minorities
Dr. Wim Veling is deputy professor of Psychiatry at the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the University of Groningen. His teaching assignment concerns Psychosis in the Social Context. He works as a psychiatrist and head of treatment for the Psychoses department at the University Center for Psychiatry at the UMCG.
Wim Veling focuses in his research on causes and mechanisms of psychosis, in relation to the social context in which people live. The social context means not only the daily living environment but also the geographical, socio-economic, ethnic and cultural context. Based on this research, he develops new ways of diagnostics, prevention and treatment.
He showed, in earlier research, that some population groups with a migrant background in the Netherlands have an increased risk of getting psychosis. This risk was strongly influenced by the ethnic composition of the neighbourhood in which people live, the extent to which groups experience discrimination and the way in which people deal with social exclusion. He is now working on prevention of psychosis and other psychological problems among young people, in which learning to deal with social stress plays an important role.
He is also always looking for other social groups and contexts that can better explain psychosis. For example by examining the risk of psychosis in sexual minorities and in low- and middle-income countries.
In order to analyse more closely the influence of the social context, Wim Veling introduced Virtual Reality (VR) research into psychosis in the Netherlands. He has shown that with VR it is possible to study in detail how people experiencing suspicion and fear respond to social environments that are stressful for them and how they behave during social interactions. He researches various VR treatments that will enable people to reduce their psychological disorders and function better socially.
Wim Veling is closely involved in the care of people with psychosis in the Netherlands. He was chairman of Network Early Psychosis and led the working group of the recently published Care Standard Psychosis.
Finding agency amidst all the voices – Open Dialogue and the reweaving of social fabric
Nick Putman about Open Dialoque
Nick is the founder of Open Dialogue UK. He is a psychotherapist and Open Dialogue practitioner and trainer who specialises in working with people experiencing psychosis and their families.
Nick spent around 10 years living and working in a variety of community based services for people experiencing psychosis and other extreme states, including those run by the Philadelphia Association, the Arbours Crisis Centre, the Richmond Fellowship, and Windhorse in Massachusetts. Inspired by the values at the heart of these projects, he has been working over the past seven years to create more opportunities for people experiencing psychosis to meet with professionals/teams who are willing to ‘be with’ them in a time of crisis and find meaning in their experience, largely through the development of Open Dialogue in public mental health services and elsewhere.
Nick first undertook Open Dialogue training with Mary Olson, Jaakko Seikkula et al. in the US, and has spent considerable time with the Open Dialogue teams in/from Western Lapland. He has also spent time with the Parachute Project in New York, which drew heavily on the Open Dialogue approach, studying their community-based services and training programme. He was instrumental in establishing the first three year Open Dialogue training programme to be run outside of Finland (in London), and has been a trainer on several international Open Dialogue programmes.
How the treatment of my psychosis estranged me from myself and my family
Brenda Froyen is a motivated teacher educator in language didactics and children’s literature. Besides her passion for education she is active in the field of mental health care, organizing congresses, giving lectures and workshops based on her own experience as a patient. Her writing skills have resulted in several books, editorials in newspapers and the website www.psychosenet.be, one of the pioneer projects concerning E-health care in Belgium. She is a member of the advisory network for Health in Belgium. She is constantly looking for new ways and initiatives to improve the quality of mental health care ànd education. Two fields that have a lot more in common than one might think.
‘Nobody speaks my language’ Psychoanalytic understanding of psychotic communications
Marcus Evans is qualified as a registered mental nurse in 1983. He then went on to run a day hospital and a liaison & parasuicide service in Kings College hospital. Marcus worked as a clinical nurse specialist at the Maudsley while undertaking a psychotherapy training at the Tavistock clinic and subsequently qualified as a psychoanalyst. He was a consultant psychotherapist at the Tavistock & Portman NHS Foundation Trust where he was also Head of Nursing between 1996-2017 and Associate Clinical Director from 2011-15. He was a member of the Fitzjohn’s unit and has given outreach courses to frontline staff in Mental Health Trusts over many years. His book, Making Room for Madness in Mental Health: the psychoanalytic understanding of psychotic communications was published by Karnac in 2016.
Scaffolding ‘psychosis’: holding it lightly with culture and compassion
Biography: Ingo Lambrecht PhD
Dr. Ingo Lambrecht is a consultant clinical psychologist at Manawanui, Māori Mental Health Service in Auckland, New Zealand. His special interests include children and adolescents, psychosis and personality issues, as well as trauma, mindfulness, and compassion. He has also written on the cultural-clinical interface through his clinical work in different cultural settings, and was privileged to undergo an intense shamanic training as a sangoma, a South African traditional healer. In addition to his book, Sangoma Trance States (2014), based on his PhD research, he has contributed articles and chapters on the relationships between culture, psychosis, and spirituality, presenting at national and international conferences on these themes.
Comment from a person from family movement
Biography: Jen Kilyon
Became a campaigner for more compassionate and family friendly approaches to psychosis almost 20 years ago when her son first became entangled in the mental health system. She is a trustee of ISPS UK and the Chair of The National Soteria Network and helped set up the first UK Soteria House. She has been promoting Open Dialogue since she first learnt about it in 2005. She is the co-editor of A Straight-Talking Introduction to Caring For Someone With Mental Health Problems (PCCS Books)
She sometimes has HTF syndrome (Head Too Full) !
Catastrophies, Apocalypse and Psychoses in the Anthropocene
Wouter Kusters (PhD) is a philosopher, linguist and writer. He has written two books about the relations and entanglements of madness and philosophy, in which he also gives an extensive account of his own and many others’ experiences with so-called ‘psychosis’. Both these books – Pure Madness. In Search of the psychotic Experience and Philosophy of Madness. Fundamental and Transgressive Insights – won the Dutch Philosophy Award of the year (2005 and 2015) for the best and most stimulating book in Dutch. His second book is being translated into English and is due to be published in Spring 2020 by MIT Press. Today Kusters works as a writer, editor and organiser in the fields of both philosophy and psychiatry. www.wouterkusters.nl
Title: Catastrophies, Apocalypse and Psychoses in the Anthropocene
Psychosis and Jihad
Huub Mous is an art historian and publicist. He writes on various subjects in periodicals and museum catalogs, including De Gids, Tirade, Kunst- & Museum Journaal and Museum Boijmans van Beuningen. In 2011, together with two co-authors he published: Against the spirit of the times, looking back on a psychosis (Tegen de tijdsgeest, terugzien op een psychose). He philosophically analysed his own psychosis from 1966 – he was aged 18 – in the light of the rapid collapse of the Catholic world view that he was so familiar with. In 2017 Jihad or psychosis (Jihad of verstandsverbijstering) was published. This book focuses on the grey area that has recently arissen between the various forms of psychotic violence and terrorist violence. All of this influenced either by rapid secularisation or the rapid change of world view during adolescence. Since 2006 he has been writing a daily blog on his website: www.huubmous.nl
For a thorough view of his ideas see:
The mentally ill doubt the sanity of the mentally healthy
For a comprehensive view of his ideas see:
Professor Mogobe Ramose is a retired professor of philosophy from South Africa.
He obtained his PhD cum Laude at the Katholieke Universiteit in Leuven, Belgium in 1983. The title of his dissertation was ‘The Legalistic Character Of Power In International Relations: A Philosophical Essay On The Ethics Of Defence In The Nuclear Age’.
He has held the following positions:
- Lecturer at the University of Zimbabwe, at Tilburg in the Netherlands
- Professor at the University of Venda, Addis Ababa University, and the University of South Africa
- Professor extra ordinarius at the University of South Africa and the University of Pretoria
- Part-time Associate Professor at Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
- Associate Research Professor, University of Limpopo
He has held many lectures and published many articles and chapters in books, including: African Philosophy Through Ubuntu (1999, 2nd edition 2005) Mond Books Publishers, Harare Zimbabwe, also published in Dutch.
What is Ubuntu?
Contextual Psychiatry: from macro to micro environment
Inez Myin-Germeys trained as a psychologist and is currently professor of Psychiatry at KU Leuven, Belgium. She worked for 20 years at Maastricht University in the Netherlands where she started her research on experience sampling methodology in the study of severe mental illness, specifically psychosis (awarded with an ERC consolidator grant). In 2015, she moved to Belgium, where she founded the Center for Contextual Psychiatry at KU Leuven funded by an FWO Odysseus brain gain fellowship. The Center for Contextual Psychiatry currently consists of 30 researchers and focuses on the interaction between the person and the environment in the development of psychopathology. Main research lines include 1) the phenomenology of severe mental illness, 2) psychological processes related to the development of psychopathology in adolescence, 3) statistical and methodological developments in experience sampling research, and 4) the development of ecological momentary interventions. Inez Myin-Germeys has published over 300 papers and has supervised over 30 PhD projects.
Being a stranger in your own city: a video analysis
Ola Söderström: 1992 PhD in human geography University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Since 2003: Full Professor in social and cultural geography at the University of Neuchâtel
Prizes and awards:
- 1984 Prix de la Faculté des Lettres de l’Université de Lausanne pour l’ensemble des études.
- 1994 Prix de la Faculté des Lettres de l’Université de Lausanne pour la thèse de doctorat.
- 2001-2004 Honorary Research Associate in Geography, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London.
- 2011 Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences fellowship, National University of Singapore.
- 2017- Honorary Research Associate in Geography, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London.
Ola Söderström has, over the last 30 years, been involved in numerous research projects, many of which interdisciplinary..
For open access publications:
His most recent single-authored book: Söderström, O. 2014. Cities in Relations. Trajectories of Urban development in Hanoi and Ouagadougou. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell
Everyone needs a friend sometimes. Social recovery in psychosis
Biography Jone Bjørnestad
Is an associate professor at the University of Stavanger. His research mainly follows four paths;
- long-term recovery in psychosis,
- growth mindset in the NEET population,
- substance use and 4) social media intervention development.
He lectures in psychology at the University of Stavanger and is a father of three.